Characterization of the molecular pathways controlling differentiation and proliferation in mammalian hair follicles Chaussures Louis Vuitton Homme Pas Cher is central to our Chaussures Louis Vuitton Prix understanding of the regulation of normal hair growth, the basis of hereditary hair loss diseases, and the origin of follicle-based tumors. We demonstrate that the proto-oncogeneWnt3,which encodes a secreted paracrine signaling molecule, is expressed in developing and mature hair follicles and that its overexpression in transgenic mouse skin causes a short-hair phenotype due to altered differentiation of hair shaft precursor cells, and cyclical balding resulting from hair shaft structural defects and Chaussures Lv Homme associated with an abnormal profile of protein expression in the hair shaft. A putative effector molecule for WNT3 signaling, the cytoplasmic protein Dishevelled 2 (DVL2), is normally present at high levels in a subset of cells in the outer root sheath and in precursor cells of the hair shaft cortex and cuticle which lie immediately adjacent toWnt3-expressing cells. Overexpression ofDvl2in the outer root sheath mimics the short-hair phenotype produced by overexpression ofWnt3,supporting the hypothesis thatWnt3andDvl2have the potential to act in the same pathway in the regulation of hair growth. These experiments demonstrate a previously unrecognized role for WNT signaling in the control of hair growth and structure, as well as presenting the first example of a mammalian phenotype resulting from overexpression of aDvlgene and providing an accessiblein vivosystem for analysis of mammalian WNT signaling pathways.